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All about tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) causes of tropical spastic paraparesis symptoms of tropical spastic paraparesis diagnosis of tropical spastic paraparesis treatment for tropical spastic paraparesis

What is tropical spastic paraparesis?

Tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) is an incurable viral infection of the spinal cord that causes weakness in the legs. It is caused by the human T-cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) retrovirus.

As the name implies, tropical spastic paraparesis usually occurs in tropical locales. Although isolated cases have been diagnosed in the southeastern United States and other places in the United States, TSP is most frequently found in the Caribbean, Japan, The Seychelles Islands, Regions of South America, Western Africa.

TSP usually affects adults between the ages of 30 and 40 and is far more common in women than in men.

The disease may remain undetected for years after infection is contracted. When the immune system's response to the virus causes nerve damage, the legs gradually lose strength and flexibility.

More information on tropical spastic paraparesis
What is tropical spastic paraparesis? - Tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) is an incurable viral infection of the spinal cord that causes weakness in the legs.
What causes tropical spastic paraparesis? - Tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) is caused by the HTLV-1 virus, which also causes leukemia.
What're the symptoms of tropical spastic paraparesis? - Symptoms of tropical spastic paraparesis may begin years after infection, symptoms including bladder abnormalities, leg pain, loss of feeling in the feet.
How is tropical spastic paraparesis diagnosed? - Infectious disease specialists use blood tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spinal cord to diagnose tropical spastic paraparesis.
What's the treatment for tropical spastic paraparesis? - While the disease is incurable, significant improvement has been reported in the condition of tropical spastic paraparesis patients treated with corticosteroids.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005