Diagnosis of torticollis is aided by an electrical study (electromyography) that can detect overactive muscles. Various tests or procedures may be done to rule out possible causes of head and neck pain. A physical examination will show a visible shortening of the neck muscles and the head will tilt toward the affected side while the chin points to the opposite side. A physical exam will show a shortening of the neck muscles and the head tilting toward the affected side. X-rays of the neck may show an associated disorder such as tuberculosis, scar tissue, or arthritis.
More information on torticollis
What is torticollis? - Torticollis is a type of movement disorder, in which the muscles controlling the neck cause sustained twisting or frequent jerking. What's spasmodic torticollis? - Spasmodic torticollis is a form of dystonia characterized by intermittent spasms of the neck muscles resulting in involuntary rotation and tilting of the head. What causes torticollis? - Congenital torticollis may be caused by malpositioning of the head in the uterus, or by prenatal injury of the muscles or blood supply in the neck. What're the symptoms of torticollis? - Torticollis develops gradually. Torticollis may cause permanent facial deformity if it is not resolved in the first year. How is torticollis diagnosed? - Diagnosis of torticollis is aided by an electrical study (electromyography) that can detect overactive muscles. What's the treatment for torticollis? - Treatment of congenital torticollis involves stretching the shortened neck muscle. Drug treatments include anticholinergic drugs (baclofen).
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