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All about tardive dyskinesia causes of tardive dyskinesia symptoms of tardive dyskinesia diagnosis of tardive dyskinesia treatment for tardive dyskinesia prevention of tardive dyskinesia

What causes tardive dyskinesia?

Tardive dyskinesia is an involuntary neurological movement disorder caused by the use of neuroleptic drugs that are prescribed to treat certain psychiatric or gastrointestinal conditions. Long-term use of these drugs may produce biochemical abnormalities in the area of the brain known as the striatum. The reasons that some people who take these drugs may get tardive dyskinesia, and some people do not, is unknown. Tardive Dystonia is believed to be the more severe form of Tardive Dyskinesia. In tardive dyskinesia, involuntary muscle contractions cause unwanted movements, often of the facial muscles and tongue, sometimes of the upper body, arms and legs. These movements generally occur after several months or years of treatment. (The word "tardive" means late.) Tardive dyskinesia usually goes away if it is caught early and the dose of antipsychotic drug is decreased or discontinued. In some cases, tardive dyskinesia is irreversible.

More informatin on tardive dyskinesia

What is tardive dyskinesia? - Tardive dyskinesia is a mostly irreversible neurological disorder of involuntary movements caused by long-term use of antipsychotic or neuroleptic drugs.
What causes tardive dyskinesia? - Tardive dyskinesia is caused by the use of neuroleptic drugs that are prescribed to treat certain psychiatric or gastrointestinal conditions.
What're the symptoms of tardive dyskinesia? - Symptoms of tardive dyskinesia include grimacing, tongue protrusion, lip smacking, puckering and pursing of the lips, and rapid eye blinking.
How is tardive dyskinesia diagnosed? - Diagnosis of tardive dyskinesia is based on symptoms and a history of taking an antipsychotic, a related drug, or a tricyclic antidepressant for a long time.
What's the treatment for tardive dyskinesia? - There is no standard treatment for tardive dyskinesia. The treatment must be individualized to the patient depending on the patient's condition.
How to prevent tardive dyskinesia? - Tardive dyskinesia can be prevented by early recognition and discontinuation of the antipsychotic medication if this is clinically possible.
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