Neurologic examination may show loss of sensation or movement caused by compression of the spinal cord. A spinal CT with myelogram or an MRI of the spine confirms syringomyelia and determines the exact location and extent. Often, an MRI of the head will be done to look for associated conditions including hydrocephalus (water on the brain). There are other diagnosis tests. One of these is called electromyography (EMG), which measures muscle weakness. The doctor may also wish to test cerebrospinal fluid pressure levels and to analyze the cerebrospinal fluid by performing a lumbar puncture. In addition, computed tomography (CT) scans of a patient's head may reveal the presence of tumors and other abnormalities such as hydrocephalus.
More information on syringomyelia
What is syringomyelia? - Syringomyelia is a neurological disorder characterized by a fluid-filled cavity (syrinx) within the spinal cord. What causes syringomyelia? - Syringomyelia is caused by a formation of a fluid-filled cavity within the spinal cord. Spinal cord trauma may manifest years later as syringomyelia. What're the symptoms of syringomyelia? - Physical examination may reveal nystagmus (involuntary eye movements). Other symptoms include tinnitus, hearing loss or vocal cord paralysis. How is syringomyelia diagnosed? - Neurologic examination may show loss of sensation or movement caused by compression of the spinal cord. What's the treatment for syringomyelia? - The goals of treatment for syringomyelia are to stop progression of spinal cord damage and to maximize functioning.
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