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All about syringomyelia causes of syringomyelia symptoms of syringomyelia diagnosis of syringomyelia syringomyelia treatment

What causes syringomyelia?

Syringomyelia is caused by a formation of a fluid-filled cavity within the spinal cord. This fluid build-up may be a result of spinal cord trauma, tumors of the spinal cord, or congenital defects. Trauma to the spinal cord or congenital developmental problems of the brain and/or spinal cord may result in SM. Spinal cord trauma such as a car accident or serious fall may manifest years later as syringomyelia. Congenital developmental problems, sometimes undetectable may result in syringomyelia. A number of medical conditions can cause an obstruction in the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid, redirecting it to the spinal cord itself. This results in the formation of a syrinx (cyst that fills with cerebrospinal fluid). Pressure differences along the spine cause the fluid to move within the cyst. It is believed that this continual movement of fluid results in cyst growth and further damage to the spinal cord and connecting nerves. The cavity most often begins in the neck area. It expands slowly, causing progressive damage to the spinal cord due to the pressure exerted by the fluid. Symptoms result from the spinal cord damage.

More information on syringomyelia

What is syringomyelia? - Syringomyelia is a neurological disorder characterized by a fluid-filled cavity (syrinx) within the spinal cord.
What causes syringomyelia? - Syringomyelia is caused by a formation of a fluid-filled cavity within the spinal cord. Spinal cord trauma may manifest years later as syringomyelia.
What're the symptoms of syringomyelia? - Physical examination may reveal nystagmus (involuntary eye movements). Other symptoms include tinnitus, hearing loss or vocal cord paralysis.
How is syringomyelia diagnosed? - Neurologic examination may show loss of sensation or movement caused by compression of the spinal cord.
What's the treatment for syringomyelia? - The goals of treatment for syringomyelia are to stop progression of spinal cord damage and to maximize functioning.
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