health care  
 

Sleep disorders

Dysomnias
Dyssomnias are a broad classification of sleeping disorder that make it difficult to get to sleep, or to stay sleeping. Dyssomnias include insomnia, sleep apnea, narcolepsy, restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movement disorder, hypersomnia, delayed sleep phase syndrome, advanced sleep phase syndrome. The most important dyssomnia is primary insomnia.
 
Insomnia
Insomnia is difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep or a disturbance in sleep that makes sleep seem inadequate or unrefreshing. The difficulty can be in falling asleep, remaining asleep, or both. People with insomnia do not feel refreshed when they wake up. Insomnia is a common symptom affecting millions of people that may be caused by many conditions, diseases, or circumstances.
 
Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy is a disabling neurological disorder of sleep regulation that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness. Narcolepsy is a disorder that causes sudden episodes of deep sleep. These episodes can occur often and at inappropriate times, for example while a person is talking, eating or driving. Although sleep episodes can happen at any time, they may be more frequent during periods of inactivity or monotonous, repetitive activity.
 
Sleep apnea
Sleep apnea is a disorder in which a person stops breathing during the night, perhaps hundreds of times, usually for periods of 10 seconds or longer. In most cases the person is unaware of it, although sometimes they awaken and gasp for breath. It is usually accompanied by snoring. People who have sleep apnea may not even be aware of the condition, but it inevitably causes daytime sleepiness.
 
Restless legs syndrome
Restless legs syndrome (RLS), also known as Ekbom syndrome, Wittmaack-Ekbom syndrome, anxietas tibiarum, or anxietas tibialis, is a condition that produces an intense, often irresistible urge to move the legs caused by or associated with unpleasant feelings in them. Restless legs syndrome symptoms can occur in one or both legs and can also be felt in the arms.
 
Delayed sleep phase syndrome
Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) is a sleep disorder in which the patient's internal body clock is not in sync with the morning-rise evening-sleep pattern of the majority of adults. A growing body of evidence suggests that the problem is genetic, and may be inherited. Delayed sleep phase syndrome causes sleep-onset insomnia, here, sufferers report that they cannot sleep until early morning.
 
Night terror
Night terrors are a sleep disorder involving abrupt awakening from sleep in a terrified state. Night terror is a state of intense fear and agitation sometimes experienced, especially by children, on awakening from a stage of sleep not associated with dreaming but characterized by extremely vivid hallucinations. Night terrors generally occur in the first half of the night and arise with an awakening out of non-REM sleep.
 
Sleepwalking (somnambulism)
Sleepwalking or somnambulism is a sleep disorder where the sufferer engages in activities that are normally associated with wakefulness while asleep. Sleepwalking is a disorder characterized by complicated actions that result in walking during sleep. Sleepwalkers engage in their activities with their eyes open so they can navigate their surroundings.
 
Bedwetting
Bedwetting, also called nocturnal enuresis, means that a child accidentally passes urine at night during sleep. Bedwetting is accidental urination during sleep. Accidental wetting of clothes or bedding is common in young children and is not a concern because children develop bladder control at different rates. Bed-wetting that develops or continues after a child is expected to have nighttime bladder control is called nocturnal enuresis.
 
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) (also called crib death) is the sudden and unexplained death of an infant baby under 1 year of age. SIDS is sometimes called crib death because the death occurs when a baby is sleeping in a crib. It is the major cause of death in babies from 1 month to 1 year of age. The death is sudden and unpredictable; in most cases, the baby seems healthy.
Sleeping sickness
Sleeping sickness or African trypanosomiasis is an infectious parasitic disease carried by tsetse flies and characterized by inflammation of the brain and the covering of the brain (meninges). Trypanosoma, the parasites concerned, are protozoa transmitted to humans by tsetse flies (glossina). Sleeping sickness is caused by two organisms, T. brucei rhodesiense and T. brucei gambiense.
 
Sleep paralysis
Sleep paralysis consists of a period of inability to perform voluntary movements either at sleep onset (called hypnogogic or predormital form) or upon awakening (called hypnopompic or postdormtal form). Sleep paralysis may also be referred to as isolated sleep paralysis, familial sleep paralysis, hynogogic or hypnopompic paralysis, predormital or postdormital paralysis.
 
Snoring
Snoring (partially obstructed breathing during sleep) is noisy breathing through the mouth and nose during sleep. It can occur when you are breathing in or out. Snoring is a noise produced when an individual breathes (usually produced when breathing in) during sleep which in turn causes vibration of the soft palate and uvula. The word "apnea" means the abscence of breathing.
 
Bruxism
Bruxism is the term that refers to an incessant grinding and clenching of the teeth, unintentionally, and at inappropriate times. Bruxers (persons with bruxism) are often unaware that they have developed this habit, and often do not know that treatment is available until damage to the mouth and teeth has been done. Damage caused by bruxism often includes the following symptoms.
 
Jet lag
Jet lag is a temporary disorder that causes fatigue, insomnia, and other symptoms as a result of air travel across time zones. A person who travels between different time zones need time for his or her internal body clock to reset itself and adjust to the new time zone. The body usually develops a set pattern of times when it is used to eating, sleeping, working, and performing other activities.

Topics in neurological disorders

Autoimmune nervous system diseases
Autonomic nervous system diseases
Degenerative nervous system diseases
Central nervous system diseases
Brain diseases
Cranial nerve disorders
Headaches
Dementia
Language disorders
Perceptual disorders
Motor neuron diseases
Neurologic manifestations
Movement disorders
Peripheral nerve disorders
Sleep disorders
Spinal cord diseases
 

Featured neurological articles

Multiple sclerosis
Cerebral palsy
Migraine headache
Cluster headache
Alzheimer's disease
Stuttering
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Parkinson's disease
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy
Lower back pain
Snoring
Sleep apnea
Brain tumor
Brain cancer
Spinal cord tumors

Nutrition for neurological disorders


MindSoothe for emotional health
MindSoothe, a natural herbal remedy, contains a selection of herbs known for their calming and supportive function in maintaining brain and nervous system health, emotional balance and overall wellbeing.

Neuro Natural Memory
Specifically formulated to help support brain health, Neuro-Natural Memory may help improve memory, concentration levels and reduce the potential for brain and memory function problems.

Triple Complex Sleep Tonic
Sleep Tonic helps the body relax and produce all the hormones essential for healthy sleep; safe for everyone, including pregnant and nursing women, children, and small babies.


All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005