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All about pseudotumor cerebri causes of pseudotumor cerebri symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri treatment for pseudotumor cerebri

What's the treatment for pseudotumor cerebri?

Treatment must be directed at the condition causing the pseudotumor. An initial lumbar puncture is both diagnostic and therapeutic. Repeated lumbar punctures may be done to decrease the intracranial pressure and to help prevent progressive papilledema and visual loss. Hyperosmotic drugs may be used to reduce fluid buildup. Diuretics are commonly used to relieve pressure. Weight loss and cessation of certain drugs (including oral contraceptives and a variety of steroids) will lead to improvement. Therapeutic shunting, which involves surgically inserting a draining tube from the spinal fluid space in the lower spine into the abdominal cavity, may be needed to remove excess fluid and relieve pressure. Surgical management is reserved for the rare patient in whom medical management fails. Persistent symptoms or progressive visual deterioration warrants surgical intervention. Serial lumbar punctures, lumboperitoneal shunting, subtemporal decompression, and optic nerve sheath fenestration are procedures done for patients with pseudotumor cerebri.

More information on pseudotumor cerebri

What is pseudotumor cerebri? - Pseudotumor cerebri is a condition that causes increased intracranial pressure, or pressure within the brain, for unknown reasons.
What causes pseudotumor cerebri? - Possible causes of pseudotumor cerebri include a defect in cerebral spinal fluid absorption, increased cerebral swelling or cerebral blood volumes.
What're the symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri? - Symptom of pseudotumor cerebri include headache, eye pain, vision loss and nerve palsy in the nerve that stimulates the eye muscle that moves the eye sideways.
How is pseudotumor cerebri diagnosed? - Pseudotumor cerebri is diagnosed by brain scanning (MRI or CAT scans) showing abnormalities together with elevated spinal fluid pressure.
What's the treatment for pseudotumor cerebri? - Treatment of pseudotumor cerebri is directed at the condition causing the pseudotumor. Hyperosmotic drugs may be used to reduce fluid buildup.
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