health care  

Neurologic manifestations

Amnesia is a profound memory loss which is usually caused either by physical injury to the brain or by the ingestion of a toxic substance which affects the brain. People who experience amnesia have been instrumental in helping brain researchers determine how the brain processes memory. Amnesia is most commonly associated with either brain damage through injury or degeneration of brain cells in dementia.
Apraxia is an oral motor disorder that results in a severe articulation, or expressive, disorder. Apraxia may be accompanied by a language disorder called aphasia. Children who have apraxia have difficulty sequencing automatically the sounds that are necessary for intelligible speech. Most parietal lobe apraxia is related to loss of the area's capacity to recognize spatially executed tasks, even well-learned ones.
Coma lies on a spectrum with other alterations in consciousness. A coma is a profound state of unconsciousness. The level of consciousness required by, for example, someone reading this passage lies at one extreme end of the spectrum, while complete brain death lies at the other end of the spectrum. In between are such states as obtundation, drowsiness, and stupor. Coma lies on a spectrum with other alterations in consciousness.
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an illness characterized by prolonged, debilitating fatigue and multiple nonspecific symptoms such as headaches, recurrent sore throats, muscle and joint pains, memory and concentration difficulties. Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue of six months or longer duration that is not improved by bed rest and that may be worsened by physical or mental activity.
Delirium is a state of mental confusion which develops quickly and usually fluctuates in intensity. Delirium is a sudden state of severe confusion and rapid changes in brain function, sometimes associated with hallucinations and hyperactivity, in which the patient is inaccessible to normal contact. Delirium affects at least one in ten hospitalized patients, and is a common part of many terminal illnesses.
Dizziness is a term often used to describe different symptoms. It can be a feeling of being unsteady or woozy. It also can be a feeling of spinning. Dizziness is a painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of vision, the brain, balance (vestibular) system of the inner ear, and gastrointestinal system. Dizziness is not a disease. It is a symptom.
Vertigo is a type of dizziness or a sensation of movement when none is actually occurring. Vertigo is a sensation of moving or spinning within stable surroundings, and it may be accompanied by loss of balance and nausea. Vertigo may last for a few moments, several hours, or even days. Treatment of vertigo depends on the diagnosis. A complete medical evaluation is recommended for anyone with vertigo.
Fainting is a temporary loss of consciousness and muscle tone. It is caused by not having enough blood flow to the brain. Fainting (syncope) can be caused by any condition causing a reduction of circulating blood flow to the brain. The most frequent signs and symptoms are sudden lightheadedness, generalized weakness, and then falling.
Tardive dyskinesia
Tardive dyskinesia is a mostly irreversible neurological disorder of involuntary movements caused by long-term use of antipsychotic or neuroleptic drugs. Neuroleptic drugs are generally prescribed for psychiatric disorders, as well as for some gastrointestinal and neurological disorders. Tardive dyskinesia is characterized by repetitive, involuntary, purposeless movements.
Paresthesia (paraesthesia) is a sensation of tingling, pricking, or numbness of the skin with no apparent physical cause, more generally known as the feeling of pins and needles. Transient paresthesia is usually caused by inadvertent pressure on a superficial nerve, and disappears gradually as the pressure is relieved. Treatment of paresthesias depends on the underlying cause.
Spasticity is an abnormal muscular hyperactivity with increase in muscle tone (rigidity), and sustained muscle contractions (spasm), caused by damage to the central nervous system. Spasticity is a disorder of the body's motor system in which certain muscles are continuously contracted. Spasticity is caused by some types of damage to the nerve pathways regulating muscles.

Topics in neurological disorders

Autoimmune nervous system diseases
Autonomic nervous system diseases
Degenerative nervous system diseases
Central nervous system diseases
Brain diseases
Cranial nerve disorders
Language disorders
Perceptual disorders
Motor neuron diseases
Neurologic manifestations
Movement disorders
Peripheral nerve disorders
Sleep disorders
Spinal cord diseases

Featured neurological articles

Multiple sclerosis
Cerebral palsy
Migraine headache
Cluster headache
Alzheimer's disease
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Parkinson's disease
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Peripheral neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy
Lower back pain
Sleep apnea
Brain tumor
Brain cancer
Spinal cord tumors

Nutrition for neurological disorders

MindSoothe for emotional health
MindSoothe, a natural herbal remedy, contains a selection of herbs known for their calming and supportive function in maintaining brain and nervous system health, emotional balance and overall wellbeing.

Neuro Natural Memory
Specifically formulated to help support brain health, Neuro-Natural Memory may help improve memory, concentration levels and reduce the potential for brain and memory function problems.

Triple Complex Sleep Tonic
Sleep Tonic helps the body relax and produce all the hormones essential for healthy sleep; safe for everyone, including pregnant and nursing women, children, and small babies.

All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005