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Language disorders mutism akinetic mutism elective mutism selective mutism causes of mutism diagnosis of mutism mutism treatment

What's the treatment for mutism?

The diagnosis of mutism is fairly easy to make because the signs amd symptoms are clear-cut and easily observable. However, other social disorders effecting social speech, such as autism or schizophrenia, must be considered in the diagnosis.

The essential element of selective mutism is that the child has the ability to both comprehend and speak, but fails to speak in certain settings or environments. This syndrome differs from mutism. Children with mutism never speak.

Cultural issues, such as recent immigration and bilingualism, should be noted. Children who are uncomfortable with a new language may be reluctant to use it outside of a familiar setting. This is not necessarily selective mutism.


More information on mutism

What is mutism? - Mutism is the inability or unwillingness to speak. Mutism is a rare childhood condition characterized by a consistent failure to speak in situations where talking is expected.
What's akinetic mutism? - Akinetic mutism is a variety of stupor in which the patient is unable to talk or carry out purposeful behaviour but may lie with eyes open.
What's elective mutism? - Elective mutism is a condition in which children do not speak because they do not want to. True elective mutism may be a reaction to a traumatic event.
What is selective mutism? - Selective mutism is a condition in which a child who is fluent with language frequently fails to speak in certain situations where language is expected.
What causes mutism? - Mutism is believed to be caused by anxiety experienced in social situations where the child may be called upon to speak.
How is mutism diagnosed? - The diagnosis of mutism is fairly easy to make because the signs amd symptoms are clear-cut and easily observable.
What's the treatment for mutism? - There are two recommended treatments for mutism: behavior modification therapy and antidepressant medication.
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