|All about headache types of headaches causes of headache headache symptoms diagnosis of headaches treatments for headaches cluster headache causes of cluster headache symptoms of cluster headache cluster headache diagnosis cluster headache relief alternative cluster headache remedies migraine headache causes of migraine headache migraine headache triggers symptoms of migraine headaches diagnosis of migraine headache migraine headache cure and remedy migraine medications prevention of migraine headaches migraine alternative treatments ocular migraine treatment for menstrual migraine migraine headache during pregnancy tension headache tension headache causes tension headache symptoms diagnosis of tension headache tension headache treatment prevention of tension headache rebound headaches analgesic rebound headache ergotamine rebound headache sinus headache sinus headache causes sinus headache symptoms diagnosis of sinus headache sinus headache cures
What's a migraine headache?
Migraine headache is a primary headache disorder with, almost certainly, a genetic basis. Activation of a mechanism deep in the brain causes release of pain-producing inflammatory substances around the nerves and blood vessels of the head. Why this happens periodically, and what brings the process to an end in spontaneous resolution of attacks, are to a large extent uncertain. Adults with migraine describe episodic attacks with specific features (see table below), of which
nausea is the most characteristic. Attack frequency is anywhere between once a year and once a week (most commonly once a month). In children, attacks tend to be of shorter duration and abdominal symptoms more prominent.
Migraine headaches vary from person to person, but they are usually characterized by severe pain on one or both sides of the head and often are accompanied by other symptoms. They may include nausea and vomiting, light sensitivity and distorted vision, dizziness, fever and chills.
Two types of migraine are recognized. Eighty percent of migraine sufferers experience "migraine without aura," formerly called common migraine. In "migraine with aura," formerly called classic migraine, pain is preceded or accompanied by visual or other sensory disturbances, including hallucinations, partial obstruction of the visual field, numbness or tingling, or a feeling of heaviness. Symptoms are often most prominent on one side of the body, and may begin as early as 72 hours before the onset of pain.
Common migraine is not preceded by an aura but may be associated with vague symptoms like mood changes and fatigue beforehand. Both types of migraine can occur as often as a few times a week, or as infrequently as once every few years. The headache pain can last from a few hours to as many as four days.
More information on headache
What is a headache? - A headache is a condition of mild to severe pain in the head. Tension headaches and migraine headaches account for 90% for all headaches. Headaches can be single or recurrent in nature.
What types of headaches are there? - A wide range of headache types have been classified in detail by the International Headache Society. Including tension-type headache (TTH), migraine, cluster headache.
What causes headache? - Causes of headaches range from eyestrain to inflammation of the sinus cavities to life-threatening conditions. Most headaches are due to tension, migraine, or a combination of the two.
What're the symptoms of a headache? - Signs and symptoms of a headache involve pain in the head, visual impairment such as blurred vision, nausea and vomiting, hearing impairment, irritability, confusion, malaise.
How're headaches diagnosed? - A physical exam assesses general health and a neurologic exam evaluates the possibility of neurologic disease that is causing the headache.
What headache remedies are available? - Appropriate treatment for headaches is highly specialized depending on the type of headache, individual response, and any associated health conditions.
What's a cluster headache? - Cluster headaches are rare headaches that occur in groups or clusters. Cluster headaches are frequency associated with drooping eyelids, red, watery eyes, and nasal congestion.
What causes a cluster headache? - The immediate cause of pain is in the trigeminal nerve. Cluster headaches are due to an abnormality in the hypothalamus.
What're the symptoms of a cluster headache? - The primary cluster headache symptom is excruciating one-sided head pain centered behind an eye or near the temple.
How is a cluster headache diagnosed? - Cluster headache symptoms guide the diagnosis. A neurologic examination may help doctor detect physical signs of a cluster headache.
How to cure cluster headache? - Treatment for cluster headaches is composed of induction, maintenance, and symptomatic therapies. Medications to treat cluster headaches are classified as either abortives or prophylactics.
What alternative cluster headache remedies are available? - Since some cluster headaches are triggered by stress, stress reduction techniques, such as yoga, meditation, and regular exercise, may be effective.
What's a migraine headache? - Migraine headache is a primary headache disorder with a genetic basis. Adults with migraine describe episodic attacks with specific features.
What causes a migraine headache? - Migraine headache attack is precipitated when pain-sensing nerve cells in the brain (called nociceptors) release chemicals called neuropeptides.
What're migraine headache triggers? - A wide variety of foods, drugs, environmental cues, and personal events are known to trigger migraine headaches.
What're the symptoms of migraine headaches? - Symptoms of migraine headaches include hallucinations, partial obstruction of the visual field, numbness or tingling, or a feeling of heaviness.
How is a migraine headache diagnosed? - The diagnosis of migraine headache rests solely on what a patient describes to a doctor. A diary can help document headache characteristics.
What's the treatment for migraine headache? - Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are helpful for early and mild migraine headache. Other drugs used for acute attacks include meperidine and metoclopramide.
What migraine medications are available? - Several nonprescription drugs and some relatively inexpensive prescription drugs are available for migraine headaches. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs may be effective migraine prevention.
How to prevent migraine headaches? - The occurrence of common migraine may be reduced in high-risk people who avoid factors that have been associated with previous migraine.
What alternative migraine treatments are available? - Alternative treatments are aimed at prevention of migraine. Migraine headaches are often linked with food allergies or intolerances.
What is ocular migraine? - Ocular migraine is a term which may have different meanings to different physicians. Ocular migraines usually affect only one eye at a time.
How to relieve menstrual migraine? - Menstrual migraine is a migraine headache that affects a woman each month between the 2nd day before the start of the menstrual period and the end of menstruation.
Migraine headache during pregnancy - Over half of women find that their migraines occur less often in the last few months of pregnancy. About 15 to 20 percent of pregnant women have migraines.
What is tension headache? - Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. The primary cause of the pain is sustained muscle tension. Tension headaches can be episodic or chronic.
What causes tension headache? - Tension headaches are caused by muscle tension around the head and neck. tension headaches seem to be more common in women than in men.
What're the symptoms of tension headache? - A tension-type headache may cause diffuse pressure or tightness. The pain of tension headaches usually is mild (not disabling) and bilateral.
How is tension headache diagnosed? - Most tension-type headaches are diagnosed based on a complete and comprehensive history and physical examination.
What's the treatment for tension headache? - Nonprescription painkillers such as aspirin, acetaminophen or ibuprofen most commonly relieve tension headaches.
How to prevent tension headache? - To prevent tension headaches, many different antidepressants may be effective for individuals with and without depressive symptoms.
What're rebound headaches? - Rebound headaches are those caused by medication taken to relieve regular headaches. Rebound headaches frequently occur daily and can be very painful.
What's analgesic rebound headache? - Analgesic-rebound headaches are caused by successively frequent use of pain relievers, both prescription and over-the-counter medications.
What's ergotamine rebound headache? - Throbbing pain of migraine, in conjunction with escalating doses of ergotamine compounds usually indicates ergotamine rebound headache.
What's a sinus headache? - A sinus headache is a headache that occurs because your sinuses are congested with mucus. Sinus headache pain is due to swelling in the sinus cavities.
What causes a sinus headache? - Sinus headaches can be caused by a sinus infection or allergies. They may become infected with bacteria, a virus, or even fungus.
What're the symptoms of a sinus headache? - Symptoms of a sinus headache include pain or pressure in the forehead or around the eyes and cheek(s), tender skin and tender bones over and under the eyes.
How is a sinus headache diagnosed? -To diagnose sinus headache, the doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.
What's the treatment for sinus headache relief? - Treatment of sinus headache is by treating the underlying condition, which may be allergic or infectious, and by nasal vasoconstrictors and analgesic medication.