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All about encephalitis causes of encephalitis symptoms of encephalitis diagnosis of encephalitis treatment for encephalitis prevention of encephalitis Japanese encephalitis causes of Japanese encephalitis symptoms of Japanese encephalitis Japanese encephalitis diagnosis Japanese encephalitis treatment herpes encephalitis

What're the symptoms of Japanese encephalitis?

Japanese encephalitis begins with fever, severe headache, nausea, and vomiting. As the tissue covering the brain and spinal cord (the meninges) becomes infected and swollen, the patient will develop a stiff and painful neck. By day two or three, the patient begins to suffer the effects of swelling in the brain. These effects include:
  • Problems with balance and coordination
  • Paralysis of some muscle groups
  • Tremors
  • Seizures
  • Lapses in consciousness
  • A stiff, mask-like appearance of the face.
  • The patient becomes dehydrated and loses weight. If the patient survives the illness, the fever will decrease by about day seven and the symptoms will begin to improve by about day 14. Other patients will continue to have extremely high fevers and their symptoms will get worse. In these cases, coma and then death occur in 7-14 days. Many patients who recover have permanent disabilities due to brain damage.


    More information on encephalitis

    What is encephalitis? - Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain, caused by a direct viral infection or a hypersensitivity reaction to a virus or foreign protein.
    What causes encephalitis? - The cause of encephalitis varies depending on the season, the area of the country, and the exposure of the child. Viruses are the leading cause of encephalitis.
    What're the symptoms of encephalitis? - The symptoms of encephalitis vary depending on the cause of the encephalitis. Patients with encephalitis suffer from fever, headache, vomiting, confusion.
    How is encephalitis diagnosed? - Diagnosis of encephalitis includes careful questioning to determine possible exposure to viral sources. Tests which can help confirm the diagnosis.
    What's the treatment for encephalitis? - Choice of treatment for encephalitis will depend on the cause. Bacterial encephalitis is treated with antibiotics. Viral encephalitis is usually treated with antiviral drugs.
    Can encephalitis be prevented? - Encephalitis may be prevented by avoiding the infection. Vaccines are available against some viruses, including polio, herpes B, Japanese encephalitis.
    What is Japanese encephalitis? - Japanese encephalitis is a viral disease that infects animals and humans. Japanese encephalitis is a leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia.
    What causes Japanese encephalitis? - Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a disease caused by a flavivirus that affects the membranes around the brain.
    What're the symptoms of Japanese encephalitis? - Japanese encephalitis begins with fever, severe headache, nausea, and vomiting. The patient will develop a stiff and painful neck.
    How is Japanese encephalitis diagnosed? - The diagnosis of Japanese encephalitis is made primarily on the basis of the patient's symptoms and the knowledge of illnesses endemic to a particular geographic region.
    What's the treatment for Japanese encephalitis? - There are no treatments available to stop or slow the progression of Japanese encephalitis. Only the symptoms of each patient can be treated.
    What's herpes encephalitis? - Herpes encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. Herpes simplex infection is a relatively common cause of meningo-encephalitis.
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