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All about insomnia types of insomnia causes of insomnia transient insomnia causes chronic insomnia causes risk factors for insomnia complications of insomnia symptoms of insomnia diagnosis of insomnia treatment for insomnia behavioral therapy for insomnia prescription drugs for insomnia over-the-counter medications for insomnia melatonin for insomnia natural insomnia remedies prevention of insomnia {sleep disorders} dysomnias insomnia narcolepsy sleep apnea restless legs syndrome delayed sleep phase syndrome night terror sleepwalking (somnambulism) bedwetting sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) sleeping sickness sleep paralysis snoring bruxism jet lag

What causes insomnia?

About half of all insomnia cases are caused by psychological or emotional problems. Acute stress, depression, anxiety and other behavior-related problems are common psychological causes. Certain conditions seem to make individuals more likely to experience insomnia. Examples of these conditions include: advanced age (insomnia occurs more

frequently in those over age 60); female gender; and a history of depression. If other conditions (such as stress, anxiety, a medical problem, or the use of certain medications) occur along with the above conditions, insomnia is more likely.

Underlying medical conditions such as sleep apnea or hyperthyroidism can also cause insomnia, as can pain and discomfort caused by arthritis or congestive heart failure. The use of caffeine or other stimulants, alcohol or other depressants, sedatives, poor sleep habits or a change in sleep patterns, and eating or working before sleeping can all cause sleep problems. Rarely, periodic jerky leg movements (nocturnal myoclonus), which happen just as the individual is falling asleep can cause insomnia.

There are many causes of insomnia. Transient and intermittent insomnia generally occur in people who are temporarily experiencing one or more of the following: stress, environmental noise, extreme temperatures, a change in the surrounding environment, sleep/wake schedule problems such as those due to jet lag, or medication side effects.

Chronic insomnia is more complex and often results from a combination of factors, including underlying physical or mental disorders. One of the most common causes of chronic insomnia is depression. Other underlying causes include arthritis, kidney disease, heart failure, asthma, sleep apnea, narcolepsy, restless leg syndrome, Parkinson disease, and hyperthyroidism. However, chronic insomnia may also be due to behavioral factors, including the misuse of caffeine, alcohol, or other substances; disrupted sleep/wake cycles as may occur with shift work or other nighttime activity schedules; and chronic stress.

In general, the numerous causes of insomnia that can generally be broken down into three categories: insomnia due to another sleep disorder, insomnia due primarily to physical medical disorder, and insomnia due primarily to temporary events or factors

In many people, psychological causes of insomnia include anxiety, stress, depression, in addition, a lack of a good night's sleep can lead to these very same psychological problems, and a vicious cycle can develop. Professional counseling from a doctor, therapist, or sleep specialist can help individuals cope with these conditions.

The physical causes of insomnia include hormonal changes in women, decreased melatonin, medical conditions (allergies, arthritis, asthma, heart disease, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism, and Parkinson's disease.), pain and discomfort from a medical illness or injury often interfere with sleep, genetics, and other sleep disorders.

Short-term insomnia can be linked to events and factors that are often temporary, such as adjustment sleep disorder, jet lag, working the night shift or long shifts, medications, overuse of caffeine and alcohol, environmental noise, extreme temperatures, or a change in a person's surrounding environment.

More information on insomnia

What is insomnia? - Insomnia is difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep or a disturbance in sleep that makes sleep seem inadequate or unrefreshing.
What types of insomnia are there? - Insomnia can be classified as transient, intermittent, and chronic insomnia. Insomnia is also characterized as primary or secondary insomnia.
What causes insomnia? - About half of all insomnia cases are caused by psychological or emotional problems. Sleep apnea or hyperthyroidism can also cause insomnia.
What causes transient insomnia? - Transient insomnia is often caused by a temporary situation. A reaction to change or stress is one of the most common causes of short-term and transient insomnia.
What causes chronic insomnia? - One of the most common causes of chronic insomnia is depression. Other underlying causes include arthritis, kidney disease, heart failure, asthma.
What're the risk factors for insomnia? - The strongest risk factors for insomnia are psychiatric problems. Insomnia is more common in women than men.
What're the complications of insomnia? - Complications of insomnia include impaired mental functioning, accidents, mortality rates, stress and depression, heart disease, headaches.
What are the symptoms of insomnia? - Symptoms of insomnia can be different for each individual, and people with insomnia might experience a variety of symptoms.
How is insomnia diagnosed? - The diagnosis of insomnia is made by a physician based on the patient's reported signs and symptoms.
What's the treatment for insomnia? - Treatment of insomnia may involve treatment of the underlying medical disorder. Medications given for insomnia include sedatives, tranquilizers, and antianxiety drugs.
Behavioral and non-drug treatment therapies for insomnia - Behavioral therapies are effective for insomnia. Stimulus control is the standard treatment for primary chronic insomnia.
What prescription drugs are available for insomnia? - Rescription sleep medication may be required to cure insomnia. Various types of prescription medication include benzodiazepines, antidepressants.
What over-the-counter medications are available for insomnia? - Over-the-counter medications for insomnia include Nytol, Sleep-Eez, and Sominex. Antihistamines may be used as mild sleep inducers.
Does melatonin help to cure insomnia? - Melatonin, or 5-methoxy-N-acetyltryptamine, is a hormone produced by pinealocytes in the pineal gland. Melatonin may help certain older people with insomnia.
What natural insomnia remedies are available? - Many alternative treatments are effective in treating both the symptom of insomnia. Many people with insomnia choose herbal remedies for treating insomnia.
How to prevent insomnia? - Prevention of insomnia involves balance of rest, recreation and exercise in combination with stress management, regular physical examinations, and a healthy diet.
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