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All about dystonia causes of dystonia symptoms of dystonia treatment for dystonia

What is dystonia?

Dystonia is a movement disorder in which involuntary, sustained muscle contractions cause the muscles to freeze in the middle of an action. These slow, repetitive, and often painful contractions can also cause twisting, turning, or torquing

movements of the entire body or segments of the body, such as the arms, legs, or neck.

Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by sustained, involuntary muscle contractions which cause twisting, repetitive movements or abnormal body postures. The symptoms may be generalized or involve specific body parts (focal dystonia). When dystonia begins in childhood it is usually generalized and can be inherited. Adult onset dystonia usually occurs in a sporadic fashion (not inherited) and usually remains restricted to one body region (focal).

Dystonia disorders cause involuntary movements and prolonged muscle contraction, resulting in twisting body motions, tremor, and abnormal posture. These movements may involve the entire body, or only an isolated area. There are several situations that are associated with dystonia, including medication-induced and dystonia resulting from a specific form of lung cancer. Symptoms may even be "task specific," such as writer's cramp.

More information on dystonia

What is dystonia? - Dystonia is a movement disorder in which involuntary, sustained muscle contractions cause the muscles to freeze in the middle of an action.
What causes dystonia? - Dystonia is caused by overactivity in the brain, particularly in the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebral cortex.
What're the symptoms of dystonia? - Symptoms of dystonia include deterioration in handwriting and frequent writer's cramp. Other symptoms include foot cramps.
What's the treatment for dystonia? - Treatments for dystonia include medications, surgery, physical therapy, splinting, stress management.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005