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All about dystonia causes of dystonia symptoms of dystonia treatment for dystonia

What causes dystonia?

Dystonia is a movement disorder, which need not involve any other functions of the brain. Thus intellect, personality, memory, emotions, hearing, sensation and sexual function are quite normal in patients with primary dystonia, although those affected are often in a great deal of pain and can feel isolated, depressed, angry and obtrusive. Dystonia seems to be caused by overactivity in the brain, particularly in the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebral cortex. Most cases of chronic dystonia are genetic. Those that are not can be caused by a severe lack of oxygen to the brain either at birth or through some trauma later in life. Dystonia can also be caused by stroke; Wilson’s disease, which is a hereditary condition in which copper accumulates in the tissues; metal or carbon monoxide poisoning; and reactions to certain drugs When dystonia has no connection to disease or injury, it is called primary or idiopathic dystonia.

More information on dystonia

What is dystonia? - Dystonia is a movement disorder in which involuntary, sustained muscle contractions cause the muscles to freeze in the middle of an action.
What causes dystonia? - Dystonia is caused by overactivity in the brain, particularly in the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebral cortex.
What're the symptoms of dystonia? - Symptoms of dystonia include deterioration in handwriting and frequent writer's cramp. Other symptoms include foot cramps.
What's the treatment for dystonia? - Treatments for dystonia include medications, surgery, physical therapy, splinting, stress management.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005