|All about headache types of headaches causes of headache headache symptoms diagnosis of headaches treatments for headaches cluster headache causes of cluster headache symptoms of cluster headache cluster headache diagnosis cluster headache relief alternative cluster headache remedies migraine headache causes of migraine headache migraine headache triggers symptoms of migraine headaches diagnosis of migraine headache migraine headache cure and remedy migraine medications prevention of migraine headaches migraine alternative treatments ocular migraine treatment for menstrual migraine migraine headache during pregnancy tension headache tension headache causes tension headache symptoms diagnosis of tension headache tension headache treatment prevention of tension headache rebound headaches analgesic rebound headache ergotamine rebound headache sinus headache sinus headache causes sinus headache symptoms diagnosis of sinus headache sinus headache cures
What's a cluster headache?
Cluster headaches are rare headaches that occur in groups or clusters. Cluster headache sufferers typically experience very severe headaches of a piercing quality near one eye or temple that last for between 15 minutes and three hours. Cluster headaches are frequency associated with drooping eyelids, red, watery eyes, and nasal congestion on the
affected side of the face. The headaches are unilateral and occasionally change sides. The neck is often stiff or tender in association with cluster headaches, and jaw and teeth pain is sometimes reported.
Cluster headache is one of a group of primary headache disorders (trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias) of uncertain mechanism that are characterized by frequently recurring, short-lasting but extremely severe headache. CH also has episodic and chronic forms. Episodic CH occurs in bouts (clusters), typically of 6-12 weeks' duration once a year or two years and at the same time of year. Strictly one-sided intense pain develops around the eye once or more daily, mostly at night, until the pain diminishes after 30-60 minutes. The eye is red and waters, the nose runs or is blocked on the affected side and the eyelid may droop. In the less common chronic CH there are no remissions between clusters. The episodic form can become chronic, and vice versa, but once CH has struck it may recur over 30 years or more.
In episodic cluster headache, these headaches occur once or more daily, often at the same times each day, for a period of several weeks, followed by a headache-free period lasting weeks, months, or even years. Approximately 10-15% of cluster headache sufferers are chronic; they can experience multiple headaches every day for years. Cluster headaches are occasionally referred to as "alarm clock headaches", as they can occur at night and wake a person from sleep. Other synonyms for cluster headache include Horton's syndrome and "suicide headaches" (a reference to the excruciating pain and resulting desperation).
Medically, cluster headaches are considered benign, but they are extremely painful and can be debilitating. The location and type of pain has been compared to a 'brain-freeze' headache from rapidly eating ice cream; this analogy is limited, but may offer some insight into the cluster headache experience. Persons who have experienced both cluster headaches and other painful conditions (childbirth, migraines) report that the pain of cluster headaches is far worse. During a cluster headache attack, a person often alternates between pacing and laying still. Sensitivity to light (seeking the dark) is more typical of a migraine, as is vomiting but they can be present in some sufferers of cluster headache.
Whereas other headaches, such as migraines occur more often in women, cluster headaches occur in men at a rate 2.5 to 3 times greater than in women. Between 1 and 4 people per thousand experience cluster headaches in the U.S. and Western Europe; statistics for other parts of the world are fragmentary. Latitude plays a role in the occurrence of cluster headaches, which are more common as one moves away from the equator towards the poles. It is believed that greater changes in day length are responsible for the increase.
More information on headache
What is a headache? - A headache is a condition of mild to severe pain in the head. Tension headaches and migraine headaches account for 90% for all headaches. Headaches can be single or recurrent in nature.
What types of headaches are there? - A wide range of headache types have been classified in detail by the International Headache Society. Including tension-type headache (TTH), migraine, cluster headache.
What causes headache? - Causes of headaches range from eyestrain to inflammation of the sinus cavities to life-threatening conditions. Most headaches are due to tension, migraine, or a combination of the two.
What're the symptoms of a headache? - Signs and symptoms of a headache involve pain in the head, visual impairment such as blurred vision, nausea and vomiting, hearing impairment, irritability, confusion, malaise.
How're headaches diagnosed? - A physical exam assesses general health and a neurologic exam evaluates the possibility of neurologic disease that is causing the headache.
What headache remedies are available? - Appropriate treatment for headaches is highly specialized depending on the type of headache, individual response, and any associated health conditions.
What's a cluster headache? - Cluster headaches are rare headaches that occur in groups or clusters. Cluster headaches are frequency associated with drooping eyelids, red, watery eyes, and nasal congestion.
What causes a cluster headache? - The immediate cause of pain is in the trigeminal nerve. Cluster headaches are due to an abnormality in the hypothalamus.
What're the symptoms of a cluster headache? - The primary cluster headache symptom is excruciating one-sided head pain centered behind an eye or near the temple.
How is a cluster headache diagnosed? - Cluster headache symptoms guide the diagnosis. A neurologic examination may help doctor detect physical signs of a cluster headache.
How to cure cluster headache? - Treatment for cluster headaches is composed of induction, maintenance, and symptomatic therapies. Medications to treat cluster headaches are classified as either abortives or prophylactics.
What alternative cluster headache remedies are available? - Since some cluster headaches are triggered by stress, stress reduction techniques, such as yoga, meditation, and regular exercise, may be effective.
What's a migraine headache? - Migraine headache is a primary headache disorder with a genetic basis. Adults with migraine describe episodic attacks with specific features.
What causes a migraine headache? - Migraine headache attack is precipitated when pain-sensing nerve cells in the brain (called nociceptors) release chemicals called neuropeptides.
What're migraine headache triggers? - A wide variety of foods, drugs, environmental cues, and personal events are known to trigger migraine headaches.
What're the symptoms of migraine headaches? - Symptoms of migraine headaches include hallucinations, partial obstruction of the visual field, numbness or tingling, or a feeling of heaviness.
How is a migraine headache diagnosed? - The diagnosis of migraine headache rests solely on what a patient describes to a doctor. A diary can help document headache characteristics.
What's the treatment for migraine headache? - Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are helpful for early and mild migraine headache. Other drugs used for acute attacks include meperidine and metoclopramide.
What migraine medications are available? - Several nonprescription drugs and some relatively inexpensive prescription drugs are available for migraine headaches. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs may be effective migraine prevention.
How to prevent migraine headaches? - The occurrence of common migraine may be reduced in high-risk people who avoid factors that have been associated with previous migraine.
What alternative migraine treatments are available? - Alternative treatments are aimed at prevention of migraine. Migraine headaches are often linked with food allergies or intolerances.
What is ocular migraine? - Ocular migraine is a term which may have different meanings to different physicians. Ocular migraines usually affect only one eye at a time.
How to relieve menstrual migraine? - Menstrual migraine is a migraine headache that affects a woman each month between the 2nd day before the start of the menstrual period and the end of menstruation.
Migraine headache during pregnancy - Over half of women find that their migraines occur less often in the last few months of pregnancy. About 15 to 20 percent of pregnant women have migraines.
What is tension headache? - Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. The primary cause of the pain is sustained muscle tension. Tension headaches can be episodic or chronic.
What causes tension headache? - Tension headaches are caused by muscle tension around the head and neck. tension headaches seem to be more common in women than in men.
What're the symptoms of tension headache? - A tension-type headache may cause diffuse pressure or tightness. The pain of tension headaches usually is mild (not disabling) and bilateral.
How is tension headache diagnosed? - Most tension-type headaches are diagnosed based on a complete and comprehensive history and physical examination.
What's the treatment for tension headache? - Nonprescription painkillers such as aspirin, acetaminophen or ibuprofen most commonly relieve tension headaches.
How to prevent tension headache? - To prevent tension headaches, many different antidepressants may be effective for individuals with and without depressive symptoms.
What're rebound headaches? - Rebound headaches are those caused by medication taken to relieve regular headaches. Rebound headaches frequently occur daily and can be very painful.
What's analgesic rebound headache? - Analgesic-rebound headaches are caused by successively frequent use of pain relievers, both prescription and over-the-counter medications.
What's ergotamine rebound headache? - Throbbing pain of migraine, in conjunction with escalating doses of ergotamine compounds usually indicates ergotamine rebound headache.
What's a sinus headache? - A sinus headache is a headache that occurs because your sinuses are congested with mucus. Sinus headache pain is due to swelling in the sinus cavities.
What causes a sinus headache? - Sinus headaches can be caused by a sinus infection or allergies. They may become infected with bacteria, a virus, or even fungus.
What're the symptoms of a sinus headache? - Symptoms of a sinus headache include pain or pressure in the forehead or around the eyes and cheek(s), tender skin and tender bones over and under the eyes.
How is a sinus headache diagnosed? -To diagnose sinus headache, the doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.
What's the treatment for sinus headache relief? - Treatment of sinus headache is by treating the underlying condition, which may be allergic or infectious, and by nasal vasoconstrictors and analgesic medication.