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Central nervous system diseases

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain, usually caused by a direct viral infection or a hypersensitivity reaction to a virus or foreign protein. Brain inflammation caused by a bacterial infection is sometimes called cerebritis. When both the brain and spinal cord are involved, the disorder is called encephalomyelitis. The symptoms of encephalitis vary depending on the cause of the encephalitis.
Meningitis is an infection of the tissues (meninges) and sometimes the fluid (cerebral spinal fluid, or CSF) that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis results in swelling of the brain tissue and in some cases the spinal tissue. When brain tissue swells, less blood and oxygen reach brain cells. Meningitis is a potentially fatal inflammation of the meninges. Meningitis can range from mild to life-threatening.
Tropical spastic paraparesis
Tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) is an incurable viral infection of the spinal cord that causes weakness in the legs. Tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) is caused by the HTLV-1 virus, which also causes leukemia. The virus can be spread through the placenta, and also through blood transfusions, breastfeeding, contaminated needles, and sexual contact. The disease may remain undetected for years after infection is contracted.
Arachnoid cysts
Arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled sacs that occur on the arachnoid membrane that covers the brain (intracranial) and the spinal cord (spinal). Arachnoid cysts are collections of CSF cerebrospinal fluid contained within the arachnoidal lining of the brain. Arachnoid cysts that do not cause significant mass effect or symptoms, regardless of their size and location do not require treatment.
Arnold-Chairi malformation
Arnold-Chiari malformation is a condition in which the back of the brain (cerebellum) extends down into the upper spinal canal. The Chiari malformation is generally thought to be present from birth. However, in some instances, mild Chiari malformations may result from low CSF pressure. Surgery to enlarge the opening of the posterior fossa of the skull is often recommended for patients.

Topics in neurological disorders

Autoimmune nervous system diseases
Autonomic nervous system diseases
Degenerative nervous system diseases
Central nervous system diseases
Brain diseases
Cranial nerve disorders
Language disorders
Perceptual disorders
Motor neuron diseases
Neurologic manifestations
Movement disorders
Peripheral nerve disorders
Sleep disorders
Spinal cord diseases

Featured neurological articles

Multiple sclerosis
Cerebral palsy
Migraine headache
Cluster headache
Alzheimer's disease
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Parkinson's disease
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Peripheral neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy
Lower back pain
Sleep apnea
Brain tumor
Brain cancer
Spinal cord tumors

Nutrition for neurological disorders

MindSoothe for emotional health
MindSoothe, a natural herbal remedy, contains a selection of herbs known for their calming and supportive function in maintaining brain and nervous system health, emotional balance and overall wellbeing.

Neuro Natural Memory
Specifically formulated to help support brain health, Neuro-Natural Memory may help improve memory, concentration levels and reduce the potential for brain and memory function problems.

Triple Complex Sleep Tonic
Sleep Tonic helps the body relax and produce all the hormones essential for healthy sleep; safe for everyone, including pregnant and nursing women, children, and small babies.

All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005