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All about bedwetting (nocturnal enuresis) primary nocturnal enuresis secondary nocturnal enuresis causes of betwetting causes of primary betwetting causes of secondary bedwetting diagnosis of bedwetting treatment for bedwetting prevention of bedwetting {sleep disorders} dysomnias insomnia narcolepsy sleep apnea restless legs syndrome delayed sleep phase syndrome night terror sleepwalking (somnambulism) bedwetting sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) sleeping sickness sleep paralysis snoring bruxism jet lag

How to help your children avoid bedwetting?

Although preventing a child from wetting the bed is not always possible, parents can take steps to help the child keep the bed dry at night.

Do not punish a child who wets. This problem is not caused by laziness or rebelliousness. Shaming a child for wetting the bed can lead to poor self-esteem and feelings of low self-worth.

Reassure, encourage, and express confidence in the child. You can also have your child take an active part in cleaning up from the bed wetting (e.g., help with stripping the bed, putting the sheets in the laundry, etc.)

Monitoring the child's consumption of liquids. As a rule of thumb, children should be encouraged to consume 40% of their total daily liquids in the morning, 40% in the afternoon, and 20% in the evening. Talk with your doctor about how much fluid your child needs.

Withholding bedtime drinks may be helpful in some children because it decreases the volume of urine in the bladder, but this does not prevent the problem completely. Avoiding caffeine-containing drinks can also help decrease the amount of urine in the bladder (caffeine increases urine production).

Make sure your child visits the toilet just before going to bed. Parents sometimes lift a sleeping child to the toilet before they themselves go to bed. However, this may encourage a child to wet the bed because their bladder does not feel full before they pass urine.

Do not using bubble bath in a girl's bath water. Bubble bath can irritate and cause infection of the vagina (vaginitis), which may lead to bed-wetting.

Adding 0.5 cups (118.3 mL) of vinegar to the wash water to get rid of the urine odor in clothing and bed linens.

More information on bedwetting

What is bedwetting? - Bedwetting, also called nocturnal enuresis, means that a child accidentally passes urine at night during sleep.
What is primary nocturnal enuresis? - Primary nocturnal enuresis means bedwetting that has been ongoing since early childhood without a break.
What is secondary nocturnal enuresis? - Secondary bedwetting is a sign of an underlying medical or emotional problem. Secondary bedwetting is related to sexual abuse or to extreme bullying.
What causes betwetting? - Bed wetting is usually caused by a delay in the maturation of the part of the nervous system that controls bladder function.
What causes primary betwetting? - Primary bedwetting probably indicates immaturity of the nervous system. Primary bedwetting is a delay in neurological maturation.
What causes secondary bedwetting? - Secondary bedwetting may be related to sexual abuse or to extreme bullying. The child with secondary bedwetting is more likely to have other symptoms.
How is bedwetting diagnosed? - Diagnosis of bedwetting is based on several tests. Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is a specific x-ray that examines the urinary tract.
What's the treatment for bedwetting? - Behavioral conditioning in the treatment of primary nocturnal enuresis is based on the use of a signal alarm device.
How to help your children avoid bedwetting? - Bedwetting can be possibly prevented by limiting fluids after dinner, urinating before going to bed, recording wet and dry nights.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005