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What're the symptoms of Arnold-Chairi malformation?

Usually symptoms of Chiari malformations do not appear until early adutlhood but can occasionally be seen in young children. Some common symptoms include headaches, neck pain, dizziness, vision problems, balance problems and muscle weakness. Other symptoms include difficulty swallowing, frequent gagging and choking and, in some cases

sleep apnea may be present In infants and young children, difficulty with feeding and swallowing are more common and may result in gagging, drooling and vomiting. Abnormal breathing may occur resulting in the child having slow or noisy breathing similar to snoring in adults. Irritability, head banging and nighttime awakening may all be signs of headache in young infants. Symptoms in older children commonly include headache, spinal curvature, clumsiness and in rare cases difficulty controlling bladder function.

The Chiari I Malformations may also be associated with other disorders such as hydrocephalus (build up of fluid in the ventricles of the brain) or Syringomyelia. Syringomyelia is a disorder in which cerebrospinal fluid enters the spinal cord, forming a cavity known as a syrinx. It is recommended that patients diagnosed with a Chiari Malformation have the entire spine imaged to rule out the presence of a syrinx, since it may be a consideration in treatment and prognosis.


More information on arnold-chiari malformation

What is arnold-chiari malformation? - Arnold-Chiari malformation is a condition in which the back of the brain (cerebellum) extends down into the upper spinal canal.
What causes Arnold-Chairi malformation? - Mild Chiari malformations may result from low CSF pressure. Chiari I malformations are a result of the smallest herniation of an otherwise normal hindbrain.
What're the symptoms of Arnold-Chairi malformation? - Common symptoms of Arnold-Chairi malformation include headaches, neck pain, dizziness, vision problems, balance problems and muscle weakness.
How is Arnold-Chairi malformation diagnosed? - When the diagnosis is suspected, the study of choice is an MRI. The MR scan is the best way to diagnose a Chiari malformation.
What's the treatment for Arnold-Chairi malformation? - Arnold-Chiari Malformation may benefit from surgery in which the existing opening in the back of the skull is enlarged.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005