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Language disorders mutism akinetic mutism elective mutism selective mutism causes of mutism diagnosis of mutism mutism treatment

What's akinetic mutism?

Akinetic mutism is a variety of stupor in which the patient is unable to talk or carry out purposeful behaviour but may lie with eyes open, seemingly unaware of what is going on around him. It results from bilateral damage to the orbital surface of the frontal lobes. The patient appears awake and has normal ocular movement but does not speak, is incontinent, and has minimal motor response to painful stimulation. Akinetic mutism is a state in which a person is unspeaking (mute) and unmoving (akinetic). A textbook on clinical neurology observes that a person with akinetic mutism has "sleep-waking cycles but, when apparently awake, with eyes open, lies mute. immobile and unresponsive." Akinetic mutism is often due to damage to the frontal lobes of the brain.

More information on mutism

What is mutism? - Mutism is the inability or unwillingness to speak. Mutism is a rare childhood condition characterized by a consistent failure to speak in situations where talking is expected.
What's akinetic mutism? - Akinetic mutism is a variety of stupor in which the patient is unable to talk or carry out purposeful behaviour but may lie with eyes open.
What's elective mutism? - Elective mutism is a condition in which children do not speak because they do not want to. True elective mutism may be a reaction to a traumatic event.
What is selective mutism? - Selective mutism is a condition in which a child who is fluent with language frequently fails to speak in certain situations where language is expected.
What causes mutism? - Mutism is believed to be caused by anxiety experienced in social situations where the child may be called upon to speak.
How is mutism diagnosed? - The diagnosis of mutism is fairly easy to make because the signs amd symptoms are clear-cut and easily observable.
What's the treatment for mutism? - There are two recommended treatments for mutism: behavior modification therapy and antidepressant medication.
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