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All about Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome causes of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome diagnosis of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome treatment for Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

How is Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome diagnosed?

The diagnosis can be confirmed by measuring blood levels of thiamine. Examination of the nervous/muscular system may show polyneuropathy (damage to multiple nerve systems). Reflexes may be decreased (or of abnormal intensity), or abnormal reflexes may be present. Testing of gait and coordination indicates damage to portions of the brain that control muscle coordination. Muscles may be weak and may show atrophy (loss of tissue mass). Examination of the eyes shows abnormalities of eye movement. Blood pressure and body temperature measurement may be low. Pulse (heart rate) may be rapid. In the acute phase, a physical examination may reveal skin changes and a red "beefy" tongue. In addition, blood count, electrolytes and liver function tests should be conducted. Even in the chronic phase, an MRI may show shrunken mammillary bodies and other changes in the brain. CT scans have showed enlarged ventricles and diencephalic lesions.

More information on Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

What is Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome? - Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is a neurological disorder. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is a combination of Korsakoff's syndrome and Wernicke's encephalopathy.
What causes Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome? - Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is caused by a deficiency in the B vitamin thiamine. Thiamine plays a role in metabolizing glucose to produce energy for the brain.
What're the symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome? - Symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome include amnesia, confabulation, attention deficit, disorientation, and vision impairment.
How is Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome diagnosed? - The diagnosis of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome can be confirmed by measuring blood levels of thiamine. Examination of the nervous/muscular system may show polyneuropathy.
What's the treatment for Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome? - The goals of treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome are to control symptoms as much as possible and to prevent progression of the disorder.
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